"Type 2 diabetes, prediabetes common in children with NAFLD"
August 17, 2016
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become the most common type of chronic liver disease in children. It causes liver inflammation and damage, and there are more than 3 million cases of it in the US alone. Although various diseases are linked to NAFLD, the exact underlying mechanism has not been found. According to a recent study, type 2 diabetes and prediabetes are common in children with NAFLD. Research on children with NAFLD from clinical centers of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases NASH Clinical Research Network indicates that the prevalence of prediabetes is 23.4 percent and of type 2 diabetes is 6.5 percent.
Lead author, Dr. Jeffrey B. Schwimmer states, “based on our data, we conclude that NAFLD is one of the biggest risk factors for the development of type 2 diabetes in children.” This study also reveals that compared to people with normal blood sugar levels, prediabetics are more likely to have severe liver inflammation and damage or type 2 diabetes. Therefore, careful monitoring and prevention of type 2 diabetes could potentially decrease the incidence of NAFLD.